Gray Whales Count

 
 

We have defined Gray Whales Count as a research and education project, in which observers (Counters) on land monitor the passage of gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus) migrating northbound through the nearshore of the Santa Barbara Channel, along a corridor extending approximately 3 nautical miles (nm) from shore.

The survey is 98 consecutive days from early February though mid-May. Conditions permitting, each survey-day begins at 9 AM and ends usually at 5 PM.

Goals

The goals of the research are to estimate the number of gray whales and gray-whale calves migrating northbound through our corridor and to share our data to complement similar sampling-studies along the California coast. 

Goals of education are to teach the process of scientific research to Counters and to give them the opportunity to conduct a meaningful study, to experience marine mammals in their environment, and to share this process and their enthusiasm with publics through outreach and various media, especially the internet.

SITE
Our survey site is Counter Point on the
Coal Oil Point
Reserve in Goleta, California, USA. The coastline runs east-west, with northbound whales traveling west, left to right across our Point towards Point Conception. We are able to track across 200 degrees from 80˚ to 280˚ magnetic. Unfortunately, facing east, south, and west, observers also track the sun across the day.

Counters
The observation team consists of from one to five Counters, including the Project Coordinator, up to two Supervisors, and up to two Observers. Supervisor shifts are four hours; Observer shifts are two hours; and the Project Coordinator is usually on-site all day. The Project Coordinator and/or a Supervisor is always on Counter Point.

 

About GWC

GRAY WHALES COUNT
a nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation 

for research and education 


1 Fellowship Circle

Santa Barbara,

CA 93109 USA


PROJECT COORDINATOR:

Michael H Smith  michael@GrayWhalesCount.org
805-698-3505






                                        


PROJECT COLLABORATORS INCLUDE: 

UCSB's Coal Oil Point Reserve, Goleta


NOAA Southwest Fisheries
Science Center


Scripps Whale Acoustic Lab,
SIO/UCSD, La Jolla


Cascadia Research Collective, Olympia, WA


Journey North, Norwich, Vermont  


Collaboration
From our inception we have embraced collaboration. We began as a research project of the American Cetacean Society-Channel Islands (ACS-CI) in 2004. Though we are now an independent, nonprofit corporation for research and education, we share with the American Cetacean Society their commitment to and enthusiasm
for cetacean well-being.

Operating our survey at the Coal Oil Point  Reserve naturally fosters our growing involvement with UCSB, particularly the Marine Science Institute (MSI), which administers the Reserve. Just before summer of 2012, Gray Whales Count organized a workshop for the community about "Wise use of the near shore Channel and Marine Protected Areas" at the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management at UCSB, a short walk from the shores of the Santa Barbara Channel . Our data collected over these past eight surveys is a baseline that will be useful in evaluating the success of the recent implementation by the California Department of Fish & Wildlife of Campus Point State Marine Conservation Area (MPA) extending from Campus Point, 2 miles west to Counter Point then a mile and a half further west towards Ellwood. We are in perfect position for essential and ongoing monitoring during our annual survey..

Cascadia Research Collective, with some thirty years of gray whale research and unmatched experience in the Santa Barbara Channel, helped define our scope and continues to counsel our effort, which has led to collaborating with the Scripps Whale Acoustic Lab, monitoring the underwater sounds surrounding our Point.

The Otter Project, US Geologic Survey, US Fish & Wildlife, and California Department of Fish & Wildlife share an interest in otters and have come to rely on Gray Whales Count reporting of otter activity.

Each day we send our raw data, the daily count, to Journey North, which gathers
data and compiles biweekly reports on
the migration for their website and for distribution to classrooms across the country. Closer to home, mathematics students at California State University, Channel Island, with input from NOAA scientists at Southwest Fisheries, are formulating methods to analyze our raw data.

Beginning the second year, with a grant from the Associated Students of UCSB’s Coastal Fund, we initiated the student-intern program, which has been
the prime focus of our education and the engine of our research. Interns commit to working the full survey, in-training as Supervisors on Counter Point.

We are immensely grateful for the foundation of support for our work.


An anonymous donor through the The Orange County Community Foundation believes in the quality and effectiveness of our research and education program. Their support has been — truly our foundation.


New to our ocean is a Marine Protected Area (MPA) established in 2012 by what is now the California Department of Fish & Wildlife. From our survey site we can see the entire Campus Point State Marine Conservation Area, part of the network of MPAs that run the length of California. Since 2006 we have monitored the water in front of us to determine the “nature” of vessel traffic and document what we perceive are vessel/animal interactions. Since 2012 Resources Legacy Fund Foundation has supported our monitoring, data sharing, and education outreach through their Sustaining California’s Ocean (SCO) program. We are honored by their support, and we are looking forward to learning more and contributing more about the use of our ocean environment, especially as it pertains to marine mammals. 

 

These binocular images of gray and humpback whales diving help us distinguish gray whales (with no dorsal fin) from humpback whales, which come to our area to feed.


We have enjoyed some very special collaborations and support from our local community, including our Counters.

Starting in 2011 we received annual grants, initiated by a Counter, from the James Ryerson Environmental Fund, administered by the Santa Barbara Foundation.

Each day on Counter Point we talk many times to the captains of the Condor Express, who generously share what is out there beyond what we can see. The late Fred Benko, who owned the Condor Express, with Jean and her late husband Barry Schuyler, Jr came to our rescue in an emergency, when we had no binoculars. The year before, it was the Counters who together restored our sight.

We are particularly proud of Counter/corporation partnerships in which the employer matches a donation and/or volunteer effort, expanding the donation, creating community investment.

Thank you FLIR Corporation of Goleta and United Launch Alliance of Chicago (which operates at Vandenberg Air Force Base, just up the coast from us).

Special thanks to Charles Greene and Greeneridge Sciences and to Tony Urwick.

— Thank you all.


                                                                                                           
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